How to Change a Tyre

How to Change a Tyre in 9 Simple Steps


The wild and vast nature of Australia’s landscape means that any time you could be hundreds of kilometres away from the nearest mechanic, without phone or internet service, and hours away from roadside assist. For the times that you find yourself stranded with a flat, knowing how to change a tyre is an essential skill.

While changing a tyre roadside is the ultimate inconvenience, it’s really not too hard to do. If you’re prepared with a few basic tools, you can be safely back on the road in no time at all. To help you through the process, we’ve put together some easy to follow step-by-step instructions on how to change a tyre.


What tools do you need to change a tyre?

Thankfully you can change a tyre without any extravagant equipment. All you need is a few simple and easy-to-use tools.


Essential tools (keep these in your car at all times)

-   Spare Tyre

-   Jack

-   Wrench

-   Car Manual


Useful items

You can quite easily change a tyre with just the essential items mentioned above, but the truth is that you never know the conditions you’ll find yourself in when you need to roll up your sleeves. Rain, snow, little or no light and uneven terrain can all make the experience less than favourable. So here are some extra items you may like to keep in your car in case you ever need them.


-   A large torch or flashlight

-   Spare batteries (nothing is more frustrating than when your torch goes flat in the dark)

-   Wheel wedges

-   Gloves

-   A raincoat or poncho


How to change a car tyre


1. Find somewhere safe and flat

As soon as you notice that you have a flat it’s important to seek a safe place to stop. Look for a long, flat stretch of road that is well out of the way of passing traffic. 

Driving on a flat tyre can damage your rim, but stopping in an unsafe location puts yourself and others at risk of a serious accident. If you have to drive a few hundred metres more in order to find a safe place to stop, then continue to drive slowly and safely until you do.

“Changing a tyre roadside is the ultimate inconvenience, but it’s really not too hard to do. If you’re prepared with a few basic tools, you can be safely back on the road in no time at all.”


2. Review your car manual

Once you have safely pulled over, pull up your hand brake, switch on your hazard lights and have a look through your car manual for any vehicle specific instructions on changing your tyre.


3. Loosen the bolts

Start by removing hubcaps (if your car has them) from the flat tyre(s). Use your wrench to loosen the bolts by turning each of them once counter-clockwise. They may be a little stiff, so don’t be afraid to use your body weight or foot to get them started.


4. Jack up the car

Refer to your car manual to locate the correct place to jack up your car, as this can vary between vehicles. Once you have placed the jack in the correct position, you can use the jack to lift your car to roughly six inches off the ground.                     

NOTE: Never put your body underneath your car during or after raising.


5. Take off the bolts and remove the tyre

With the bolts already loosened, you should now be able to fully remove them by hand. Once the bolts are off you can carefully remove the tyre – but be careful, they are heavier than they look.


6. Place the spare tyre into position

Check that your spare tyre is adequately inflated and then carefully lift it into position.


7. Hand-tighten the bolts in a star pattern

With the car still jacked, hand tighten the bolts onto the spare tyre. Tighten them as much as possible by hand and you’ll finish tightening them with the wrench once the car is lowered off the jack.


8. Lower the car off the jack and tighten the bolts

Carefully lower the car off the jack and use your wrench to finish tightening the wheel bolts to the recommended force.


9. Head to a tyre professional

A tyre professional will be able to check and replace your tyres as required. While you’re there, it’s a great idea to pick up a replacement spare so that you’re always prepared in the event of another puncture or flat.


How long does it take to change a tyre?

Changing a tyre should take you anywhere between 10 minutes and half an hour to do properly. But, if it takes a little longer, that’s ok. The main thing is to ensure that you follow all of the steps and have a safely fitted tyre once you’re done.

“A tyre professional will be able to check and replace your tyres as required and you can pick up a replacement spare while you’re there.”


If you’ve recently had a flat tyre, speak to the team at Jax.  Whether you need a tyre repair, replacement or simply want the peace of mind that comes with seeing a professional, you’ll find an affordable option to suit your budget and keep you safe on the road.


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